Pablo Vinuesa Fleischmann

Ingeniería Genómica Investigador

Inv. Tit. B T.C. Definitivo


I’m a microbiologist interested in host-microbe interactions and microbial ecology, with a strong focus on comparative and evolutionary genomics. In general terms, research in my group aims to learn how niche specialization, including host adaptation, drives speciation in selected alpha- and gamma-Proteobacteria. I develop open-source software tools for microbial pan-genomics and phylogenomics, which are freely available at I’m also actively involved in teaching phylogenomics @LCG and diverse posgraduate programs @UNAM and abroad.

For more details please visit:
personal website:
Google Scholar:
twitter: @pvinmex

Current research
Our current work focuses on elucidating the roles and contributions of mobile genetic elements, efflux pumps, resistance genes, secretion systems and the exoproteins they secrete in the emergence of opportunistic pathogenic strains of diverse alpha- (Rhizobiales) and gamma-Proteobacteria (particularly Salmonella and Stenotrophomonas).

We use comparative and functional genomics approaches to elucidate the evolutionary processes and molecular mechanisms underlying the origin of these opportunistic pathogens and their adaptation to anthropogenized habitats. We develop open-source software for these tasks, mainly GET_HOMOLOGUES and GET_PHYLOMARKERS, which are freely available at

Current funding
Research in Vinuesa’s lab is currently (2018) funded by CONACyT and PAPIIT grants.
The Salmonella work is performed in the frame of a large CONACyT – Fronteras de la Ciencia grant (FC-2105-2-879) entitled “Descubriendo el impacto del genoma accesorio en la evolución de cepas atípicas de Salmonella Typhimurium causantes de infecciones sistémicas en México”, together with Drs. Edmundo Calva, José Luis Puente and Claudia Silva from the Institute of Biotechnology (IBT-UNAM).
The Stenotrophomonas work is funded by DGAPA-PAIIT/UNAM grant (IN206318) entitled: “Predicción genómica y análisis funcional de determinantes de resistencia y virulencia en Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, un patógeno oportunista emergente”.

Group and Publications
Please visit to meet our group members and for an updated list of publications.

Current group members
Claudia Torres (posdoctoral researcher with a DGAPA-UNAM fellowship, September 2018-1 ->)
Claudia works on “comparative and functional genomics of Type II Secretion Systems in Stenotrophomonas”
Daniel Cazares (PhD student; PDCB-UNAM, August 2016-1 ->).
Daniel works on: “Isolation and genomic characterization of polyvalent phages from environmental matrices and Proteobacterial isolates”.
Perla Tinoco Carrillo (PhD student; PDCB-UNAM, February 2014-1 ->).
She works on: “Diversity and resistance profiles of multidrug-resistant Proteobacteria inhabiting soils of Morelos, Mexico”.
Luz Edith Ochoa Sánchez (PhD student; PDCB-UNAM, August 2013-1 ->). She works on: “Phylogenetic and phenotypic characterization of multidrug-resistant Proteobacteria recovered from Mexican rivers with contrasting contamination levels.”

More details at



Teléfono: (777) 3175867


2019Vicens, A., Vinuesa, P, Arenas, M. and Treviño, C.L.. (2019). "Analyzing the functional divergence of Slo1 and Slo3 channel subfamilies". Molecular Phylogenetics And Evolution. 133():33-41. [doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.12.026]30586650
2019Giner-Lamia, J., Vinuesa, P, Betancor, L., Silva, C., Bisio, J., Soleto, L., Chabalgoity, J.A., Puente, J.L., Soncini, F.C., García-Vescovi, E., Flores, G., Pedraza, J., Yim, L., García, C., Astocondor, L., Ochoa, T., Hinostroza, N., Graciela Pucciarelli, M., Hérnandez-Álvarez, A, Del Moral-Chávez, V and García-Del Portillo, F.. (2019). "Genome analysis of Salmonella enterica subsp. diarizonae isolates from invasive human infections reveals enrichment of virulence-related functions in lineage ST1256". Bmc Genomics. 20(1):99-99. [doi:10.1186/s12864-018-5352-z]30704413
2018Sandner-Miranda, Luisa, Vinuesa, P, Cravioto, Alejandro and Morales-Espinosa, Rosario. (2018). "The genomic basis of intrinsic and acquired antibiotic resistance in the genus Serratia". Frontiers in Microbiology. 9(MAY):828-828. [doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.00828]29867787
2018Vinuesa, P, Ochoa-Sánchez, L.E. and Contreras-Moreira, B.. (2018). "GET_PHYLOMARKERS, a software package to select optimal orthologous clusters for phylogenomics and inferring pan-genome phylogenies, used for a critical geno-taxonomic revision of the genus Stenotrophomonas". Frontiers in Microbiology. 9(MAY):771-771. [doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.00771]29765358
2017Ochoa-Sánchez LE and Vinuesa, P. (2017). "Evolutionary genetic analysis uncovers multiple species with distinct habitat preferences and antibiotic resistance phenotypes in the Stenotrophomonas maltophilia complex". Frontiers in Microbiology. 8(AUG):1548-1548. [doi:10.3389/fmicb.2017.01548]28861062
2017Cubillas, C., Miranda-Sánchez, F., González-Sánchez, A., Elizalde, J.P., Vinuesa, P, Brom, S and García-de los Santos, A. (2017). "A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of copper transporting P1BATPases from bacteria of the Rhizobiales order uncovers multiplicity, diversity and novel taxonomic subtypes". MICROBIOLOGYOPEN. 6(4):e00452-. [doi:10.1002/mbo3.452]28217917
2017Santamaria, RI, Bustos, P, Pérez-Carrascal OM, Miranda-Sánchez F, Vinuesa, P, Martínez-Flores, I, Juárez S, Lozano, L, Martínez-Romero, E, Cevallos, MA, Romero, D, Dávila G, Ormeño-Orrillo E and González, V. (2017). "Complete genome sequences of eight Rhizobium symbionts associated with common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)". Genome Announcements. 5(30):e00645-17-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00645-17]28751391
2017Martínez-Flores, W.A., Palma-García, J.M., Caballero-Ortega, H., Del Viento-Camacho, A., López-Escamilla, E., Martínez-Hernández, F., Vinuesa, P, Correa, D. and Maravilla, P.. (2017). "Genotyping Toxoplasma Gondii with the B1 Gene in Naturally Infected Sheep from an Endemic Region in the Pacific Coast of Mexico". VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES. 17(7):495-502. [doi:10.1089/vbz.2016.2085]28530509
2017Bustos, P, Santamaria, RI, Pérez-Carrascal OM, Acosta JL, Lozano, L, Juárez S, Martínez-Flores, I, Martínez-Romero, E, Cevallos, MA, Romero, D, Dávila G, Vinuesa, P, Miranda F, Ormeño E and González, V. (2017). "Complete genome sequences of three Rhizobium gallicum symbionts associated with common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)". Genome Announcements. 5(11):e00030-17-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00030-17]28302777
2017Contreras-Moreira B, Cantalapiedra CP, García-Pereira MJ, Gordon SP, Vogel JP, Igartua E, Casas AM and Vinuesa, P. (2017). "Analysis of plant pan-genomes and transcriptomes with GET_HOMOLOGUES-EST, a clustering solution for sequences of the same species". Frontiers In Plant Science. 8():184-184. [doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.00184]28261241
2016Miranda-Sanchez, Fabiola, Rivera, J and Vinuesa, P. (2016). "Diversity patterns of Rhizobiaceae communities inhabiting soils, root surfaces and nodules reveal a strong selection of rhizobial partners by legumes". Environmental Microbiology. 18(8):2375-2391. [doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13061]26395550
2016Perez Carrascal, Olga M., VanInsberghe, David, Juarez, Soledad, Polz, Martin F., Vinuesa, P and González, V. (2016). "Population genomics of the symbiotic plasmids of sympatric nitrogen-fixing Rhizobium species associated with Phaseolus vulgaris". Environmental Microbiology. 18(8):2660-2676. [doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13415]27312778
2016Sandner-Miranda, L., Vinuesa, P, Sober�n-Ch�vez, G. and Morales-Espinosa, R.. (2016). "Complete genome sequence of Serratia marcescens SmUNAM836, a nonpigmented multidrug-resistant strain isolated from a Mexican patient with obstructive pulmonary disease". Genome Announcements. 4(1):e01417-15-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.01417-15]26798087
2016Centeno-Leija, S., Vinuesa, P, Karol Rodr�guez-Pe�a,, Trenado-Uribe, M., Yair C�rdenas-Conejo,, Serrano-Posada, H., Romina Rodr�guez-Sanoja, and S�ncheza, S.. (2016). "Draft genome Sequence of an endophytic actinoplanes species, encoding uncommon trans-Acyltransferase polyketide synthases". Genome Announcements. 4(2):e00164-16-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00164-16]27013046
2016Vinuesa, P, Puente, J.L., Calva, E., Zaidi, M.B. and Silva, C.. (2016). "Complete genome sequence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SO3 (sequence type 302) isolated from a baby with meningitis in Mexico". Genome Announcements. 4(2):e00285-16-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00285-16]27103717
2016Silva, C., Calva, E., Puente, J.L., Zaidi, M.B. and Vinuesa, P. (2016). "Complete genome sequence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain YU15 (sequence type 19) harboring the Salmonella genomic island 1 and virulence plasmid pSTV". Genome Announcements. 4(2):e00252-16-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00252-16]27081132
2016Silva, C., Calva, E., Puente, J.L., Zaidi, M.B. and Vinuesa, P. (2016). "Complete genome sequence of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strain SO2 (sequence type 302) isolated from an asymptomatic child in Mexico". Genome Announcements. 4(2):e00253-16-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.00253-16]27081133
2015Riquelme, Cristina, Camara, Sandra, Enes Dapkevicius, Maria de Lurdes N., Vinuesa, P, Gomes da Silva, Celia Costa, Xavier Malcata, F. and Rego, Oldemiro A.. (2015). "Characterization of the bacterial biodiversity in Pico cheese (an artisanal Azorean food)". International Journal Of Food Microbiology. 192():86-94. [doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2014.09.031]25440551
2015Vinuesa, P and Contreras-Moreira, B.. (2015). "Pangenomic Analysis of the Rhizobiales Using the GET_HOMOLOGUES Software Package". Biological Nitrogen Fixation. 1-2():271-280. [doi:10.1002/9781119053095.ch27]
2015Vinuesa, P and Contreras-Moreira, B.. (2015). "Robust identification of orthologues and paralogues for microbial pan-genomics using GET_HOMOLOGUES: A case study of pIncA/C plasmids". Methods in Molecular Biology. 1231():203-232. [doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-1720-4_14]25343868
2015Vinuesa, P and Ochoa-S�nchez, L.E.. (2015). "Complete genome sequencing of Stenotrophomonas acidaminiphila ZAC14D2_NAIMI4_2, a multidrug-resistant strain isolated from sediments of a polluted river in Mexico, uncovers new antibiotic resistance genes and a novel class-II lasso peptide biosynthesis gene cluster". Genome Announcements. 3(6):e0143315-. [doi:10.1128/genomeA.01433-15]26659678
2014Cubillas, Ciro, Vinuesa, P, Tabche, Maria Luisa, Dávalos, A, Vazquez, Alejandra, Hernandez-Lucas, Ismael, Romero, D and García-de los Santos, A. (2014). "The cation diffusion facilitator protein EmfA of Rhizobium etli belongs to a novel subfamily of Mn<sup>2+</sup>/Fe<sup>2+</sup> transporters conserved in a-proteobacteria". Metallomics. 6(10):1808-1815. [doi:10.1039/c4mt00135d]25054342
2014Chang, F.M.J., Coyne, H.J., Cubillas Ramírez, Ciro Alberto, Vinuesa, P, Fang, X.Y., Ma, Z., Ma, D.J., Helmann, J.D., García-de los Santos, A, Wang, Y.X., Dann, C.E. and Giedroc, D.P.. (2014). "Cu(I)-mediated allosteric switching in a copper-sensing operon repressor (CsoR)". JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. 289(27):19204-19217. [doi:10.1074/jbc.M114.556704]24831014
2013Cubillas Ramírez, Ciro Alberto, Vinuesa, P, Tabche, M.L. and García-de los Santos, A. (2013). "Phylogenomic analysis of Cation Diffusion Facilitator proteins uncovers Ni2+/Co2+ transporters". Metallomics. 5(12):1634-1643. [doi:10.1039/c3mt00204g]24077251
2013Contreras-Moreira, B. and Vinuesa, P. (2013). "GET_HOMOLOGUES, a versatile software package for scalable and robust microbial pangenome analysis". Applied And Environmental Microbiology. 79(24):7696-7701. [doi:10.1128/AEM.02411-13]24096415
2013Estrada De Los Santos, Paulina, Vinuesa, P, Martínez-Aguilar, L, Hirsch, A.M. and Caballero Mellado, José de Jesús. (2013). "Phylogenetic analysis of Burkholderia species by multilocus Sequence Analysis". Current Microbiology. 67(1):51-60. [doi:10.1007/s00284-013-0330-9]23404651
2012Escalera-Zamudio, M., Cobian-Guemes, G., Soto-del Río, M.D., Isa, P., Sánchez-Betancourt, I., Parissi-Crivelli, A., Martinez-Cazares, M.T., Romero, P., Velázquez-Salinas, L., Huerta-Lozano, B., Nelson, M., Montero, H., Vinuesa, P, López, S. and Arias, C.F.. (2012). "Characterization of an influenza A virus in Mexican swine that is related to the A/H1N1/2009 pandemic clade". Virology. 433(1):176-182. [doi:10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.003]22921315
2012Castillo-Rodal, A.I., Mazari-Hiriart, M., Lloret-Sánchez, L.T., Sachman Ruiz, Bernardo, Vinuesa, P and López-Vidal, Y. (2012). "Potentially pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria found in aquatic systems. Analysis from a reclaimed water and water distribution system in Mexico City". European Journal Of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 31(5):683-694. [doi:10.1007/s10096-011-1359-y]21805195
2011Acosta, Jose L., Eguiarte, L.E., Santamaria, RI, Bustos, P, Vinuesa, P, Martínez-Romero, E, Dávila Ramos, José Guillermo and González, V. (2011). "Genomic lineages of Rhizobium etli revealed by the extent of nucleotide polymorphisms and low recombination". Bmc Evolutionary Biology. 11(1):305-305. [doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-305]22004448
2011Cervantes, L, Bustos, P, Girard, L, Santamaria, RI, Dávila Ramos, José Guillermo, Vinuesa, P, Romero, D and Brom, S. (2011). "The conjugative plasmid of a bean-nodulating Sinorhizobium fredii strain is assembled from sequences of two Rhizobium plasmids and the chromosome of a Sinorhizobium strain". Bmc Microbiology. 11(1):1-11. [doi:10.1186/1471-2180-11-149]21702991
2011Sachman-Ruiz, B., Contreras-Moreira, B., Zozaya, E., Martínez-Garza, C. and Vinuesa, P. (2011). "Primers4clades: A Web Server to Design Lineage-Specific PCR Primers for Gene-Targeted Metagenomics". Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology I: Metagenomics and Complementary Approaches. 1():441-452. [doi:10.1002/9781118010518.ch51]
2011Silva-Sanchez, J., Garza-Ramos, J.U., Reyna-Flores, F., Sánchez-Pérez, A, Rojas-Moreno, T., Andrade-Almaraz, V., Pastrana, J., Castro-Romero, J.I., Vinuesa, P, Barrios, H. and Cervantesde, C. (2011). "Extended-spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Causing Nosocomial Infections in Mexico. A Retrospective and Multicenter Study". Archives Of Medical Research. 42(2):156-162. [doi:10.1016/j.arcmed.2011.02.004]21565630
2010Vinuesa, P. (2010). "multilocus Sequence Analysis and Bacterial Species Phylogeny Estimation". Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms. ():41-64.
2009Cummings, Stephen P., Gyaneshwar, Prasad, Vinuesa, P, Farruggia, Frank T., Andrews, Mitchell, Humphry, David, Elliott, Geoffrey N., Nelson, Andrew, Orr, Caroline, Pettitt, Deborah, Shah, Gopit R., Santos, Scott R., Krishnan, Hari B., Odee, David, Moreira, Fatima M. S., Sprent, Janet I., Young, J. Peter W. and James, Euan K.. (2009). "Nodulation of Sesbania species by Rhizobium (Agrobacterium) strain IRBG74 and other Rhizobia". Environmental Microbiology. 11(10):2510-2525. [doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01975.x]19555380
2009Contreras-Moreira, Bruno, Sachman-Ruiz, Bernardo, Figueroa-Palacios, Irais and Vinuesa, P. (2009). "primers4clades: A web server that uses phylogenetic trees to design lineage-specific PCR primers for metagenomic and diversity studies". Nucleic Acids Research. 37(SUPPL. 2):95-100. [doi:10.1093/nar/gkp377]19465390
2008Renteria, Miguel E., Gandhi, Neha S., Vinuesa, P, Helmerhorst, Erik and Mancera, Ricardo L.. (2008). "A comparative structural bioinformatics analysis of the insulin receptor family ectodomain based on phylogenetic information". Plos One. 3(11):e3667-. [doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003667]18989367
2008Vinuesa, P, Rojas-Jimenez, Keilor, Contreras-Moreira, Bruno, Mahna, Suresh K., Prasad, Braj Nandan, Moe, Hla, Selvaraju, Suresh Babu, Thierfelder, Heidemarie and Werner, Dietrich. (2008). "multilocus Sequence Analysis for assessment of the biogeography and evolutionary genetics of four Bradyrhizobium species that nodulate soybeans on the asiatic continent". Applied And Environmental Microbiology. 74(22):6987-6996. [doi:10.1128/AEM.00875-08]18791003
2008Cerritos, Rene, Vinuesa, P, Eguiarte, Luis E., Herrera-Estrella, Luis, Alcaraz-Peraza, Luis D., Arvizu-Gomez, Jackeline L., Olmedo, Gabriela, Ramirez, Enrique, Siefert, Janet L. and Souza, Valeria. (2008). "Bacillus coahuilensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic species from a desiccation lagoon in the Cuatro Ciénegas Valley in Coahuila, Mexico". International Journal Of Systematic And Evolutionary Microbiology. 58(4):919-923. [doi:10.1099/ijs.0.64959-0]18398195
2007Sohlenkamp, C, Galindo-Lagunas, Kanaan A., Guan, Ziqiang, Vinuesa, P, Robinson, Sally, Thomas-Oates, Jane, Raetz, Christian R. H. and Geiger, O. (2007). "The lipid lysyl-phosphatidylglycerol is present in membranes of Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 and confers increased resistance to polymyxin B under acidic growth conditions". Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 20(11):1421-1430. [doi:10.1094/MPMI-20-11-1421]17977153
2007Poggio, Sebastian, Abreu-Goodger, Cei, Fabela, Salvador, Osorio, Aurora, Dreyfus, Georges, Vinuesa, P and Camarena, Laura. (2007). "A complete set of flagellar genes acquired by horizontal transfer coexists with the endogenous flagellar system in Rhodobacter sphaeroides". Journal Of Bacteriology. 189(8):3208-3216. [doi:10.1128/JB.01681-06]17293429
2007Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica and Vinuesa, P. (2007). "Ecología evolutiva de bacterias y el concepto de especie: el caso de los rizobios". Ecología Molecular. ():351-392.
2006Albino, U., Saridakis, D. P., Ferreira, M. C., Hungria, M., Vinuesa, P and Andrade, G.. (2006). "High diversity of diazotrophic bacteria associated with the carnivorous plant Drosera villosa var. villosa growing in oligotrophic habitats in Brazil". PLANT AND SOIL. 287(1-2):199-207. [doi:10.1007/s11104-006-9066-7]
2006Ormeño Orrillo, Ernesto Aldo, Vinuesa, P, Zuniga-Davila, D.Z. and Martínez-Romero, E. (2006). "Molecular diversity of native bradyrhizobia isolated from Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) in Peru". Systematic And Applied Microbiology. 29(3):253-262. [doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2005.09.002]16564961
2006Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica, Vinuesa, P and Martínez-Romero, E. (2006). "Species delineation and biogeography of Rhizobia: Two case studies". Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 5():319-324.
2005Rojas-Jimenez, K., Sohlenkamp, C, Geiger, O, Martínez-Romero, E, Werner, D. and Vinuesa, P. (2005). "A CIC chloride channel homolog and ornithine-containing membrane lipids of Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 are involved in symbiotic efficiency and acid tolerance". Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 18(11):1175-1185. [doi:10.1094/MPMI-18-1175]16353552
2005Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica, Vinuesa, P, Eguiarte, L.E., Souza, V. and Martínez-Romero, E. (2005). "Evolutionary genetics and biogeographic structure of Rhizobium gallicum sensu lato, a widely distributed bacterial symbiont of diverse legumes". MOLECULAR ECOLOGY. 14(13):4033-4050. [doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02721.x]16262857
2005Vinuesa, P, Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica, Lorite, M.J., Izaguirre-Mayoral, M.L., Bedmar, E.J. and Martínez-Romero, E. (2005). "Molecular systematics of Rhizobia based on maximum likelihood and Bayesian phylogenies inferred from rrs, atpD, recA and nifH sequences, and their use in the classification of Sesbania microsymbionts from Venezuelan wetlands". Systematic And Applied Microbiology. 28(8):702-716. [doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2005.05.007]16261860
2005Vinuesa, P, Leon-Barrios, M., Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica, Willems, A., Jarabo-Lorenzo, A., Perez-Galdona, R., Werner, D. and Martínez-Romero, E. (2005). "Bradyrhizobium canariense sp. nov., an acid-tolerant endosymbiont that nodulates endemic genistoid legumes (Papilionoideae: Genisteae) from the Canary Islands, along with Bradyrhizobium japonicum bv. genistearum, Bradyrhizobium genospecies alpha and Bradyrhizobium genospecies beta". International Journal Of Systematic And Evolutionary Microbiology. 55(2):569-575. [doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63292-0]15774626
2005Shamseldin, AAY, Vinuesa, P, Thierfelder, H and Werner, D. (2005). "Rhizobium etli and Rhizobium gallicum nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris in Egyptian soils and display cultivar-dependent symbiotic efficiency". Symbiosis. 38(2):145-161.
2005Vinuesa, P, Silva Romero, Claudia Verónica, Werner, D. and Martínez-Romero, E. (2005). "Population genetics and phylogenetic inference in bacterial molecular systematics: The roles of migration and recombination in Bradyrhizobium species cohesion and delineation". Molecular Phylogenetics And Evolution. 34(1):29-54. [doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.08.020]15579380
2004Medrano Soto, Luis Arturo, Moreno Hagelsieb, Gabriel, Vinuesa, P, Christen, J.A. and Collado-Vides, J. (2004). "Successful lateral transfer requires codon usage compatibility between foreign genes and recipient genomes". MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 21(10):1884-1894. [doi:10.1093/molbev/msh202]15240837
2003Vinuesa, P, Neumann-Silkow, F., Pacios-Bras, C., Spaink, H.P., Martínez-Romero, E and Werner, D.. (2003). "Genetic analysis of a pH-regulated operon from Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 involved in acid tolerance and nodulation competitiveness". Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions. 16(2):159-168. [doi:10.1094/MPMI.2003.16.2.159]12575750
2003Silva, C, Vinuesa, P, Eguiarte, LE, Martínez-Romero, E and Souza, V. (2003). "Rhizobium etli and Rhizobium gallicum nodulate common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in a traditionally managed milpa plot in Mexico: Population genetics and biogeographic implications". Applied And Environmental Microbiology. 69(2):884-893. [doi:10.1128/AEM.69.2.884-893.2003]12571008
2000Jarabo-Lorenzo, A, Velazquez, E, Perez-Galdona, R, Vega-Hernandez, MC, Martinez-Molina, E, Mateos, PF, Vinuesa, P, Martínez-Romero, E and Leon-Barrios, M. (2000). "Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of 16S rDNA and low molecular weight RNA profiling of rhizobial isolates from shrubby legumes endemic to the Canary islands". Systematic And Applied Microbiology. 23(3):418-425. [doi:10.1016/S0723-2020(00)80073-9]11108022